Orthotics is a specialist medical discipline in which external orthoses or braces/supports are designed and fitted to an individual to provide one or more of the following:
- Reduction of pain
- Correction or prevention of a physical deformity
- Stabilisation of a joint or joints
- Improvement in mobility or performance
- Reduction in the risk of injury
Its origin come from the Greek "ortho", to straighten, and demonstrates the connection of the field to orthopaedics. Sciences such as materials engineering, gait analysis, anatomy and physiology, patho-physiology, biomechanics, and psychology contribute to the work done by orthotists, the professionals engaged in the field of orthotics.